COLD AND FLU
Colds are caused by viruses that attack the nose and throat, leading to inflammation which could cause a blocked or runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes, sore throat and a cough.
Influenza or flu is more severe and contagious than a cold, and is caused by a different group of viruses. It can lead to fever, headaches, body aches, tiredness, a sore throat, cough, loss of appetite and nausea.
HOW TO TREAT AT HOME
- Stay home and get lots of rest
- Take a warm bath to help relax and sooth your body aches
- Drink lots of fluids
- Consult your neighbourhood pharmacist on using over-the-counter medication like Paracetamol or Ibuprofen, antihistamines, nasal decongestants, and anti-tussives
- Massage mentholated or vapour rubs onto your chest, neck and back to help you breathe better, especially before sleeping
SEE YOUR GP IF YOU:
- have a fever of 38°C or higher
- have a cold or flu that lasts for more than 3 days
- have earache, chest pain or sore throat
- have difficulty in breathing
- are 65 and over
- are pregnant
- have a long-term medical condition like diabetes, heart disease, lung disease or kidney disease
GO TO THE A&E IF:
- There is no need to visit the A&E for a cold or flu, unless your GP says so.