CUTS & BRUISES

CUTS

Cuts and bruises are common injuries that
can often be treated at home.

Cuts are wounds where the skin is lacerated or
torn. If the cut is deep, there may be bleeding.

 

HOW TO TREAT AT HOME

  • Clean the cut by rinsing it under
    cold running water
  • Use sterile gauze swabs to clean
    the wound
  • Swipe gently outward from the wound
    area, using a new swab for each swipe
  • With the corner of the swab, gently lift any
    foreign material out from the wound area
  • Carefully pat the area dry with a clean
    gauze swab
  • Apply a plaster or bandage

 

BRUISES

Bruises are wounds caused by hard contact
with an object or person.

Small blood vessels may burst and form a
mark under the skin that is reddish at first,
becoming dark blue or purple after a few
hours. After several days, it will turn yellowish
before fading away completely.

 

HOW TO TREAT AT HOME

  • Rest the bruise and allow the
    blood to clot
  • Elevate the bruise to reduce swelling,
    e.g. if your leg is bruised, lie down and
    prop your leg up on a pillow
  • Apply an ice pack (wrap a bag of ice
    in a towel) gently on the bruise
  • Do this every 3 to 4 hours, for 2 to 3 days

 

SEE YOUR GP IF:

  • There are sand particles or
    wood splinters in the cut
  • The cut is caused by an animal or
    rusty object
  • You develop an infection, e.g. you also
    develop a fever, persistent redness
    and pain, swelling, or pus forming
    in the wound

 

GO TO THE A&E IF:

  • The cut is deep and the bleeding
    does not stop
  • You have been hit on the ear,
    and start to vomit, feel dizzy or faint