COLD AND FLU

Colds are caused by viruses that attack the nose and throat, leading to inflammation which could cause a blocked or runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes, sore throat and a cough.

 

Influenza or flu is more severe and contagious than a cold, and is caused by a different group of viruses. It can lead to fever, headaches, body aches, tiredness, a sore throat, cough, loss of appetite and nausea.

 

HOW TO TREAT AT HOME

  • Stay home and get lots of rest
  • Take a warm bath to help relax and sooth your body aches
  • Drink lots of fluids
  • Consult your neighbourhood pharmacist on using over-the-counter medication like Paracetamol or Ibuprofen, antihistamines, nasal decongestants, and anti-tussives 
  • Massage mentholated or vapour rubs onto your chest, neck and back to help you breathe better, especially before sleeping

 

SEE YOUR GP IF YOU:

  • have a fever of 38°C or higher
  • have a cold or flu that lasts for more than 3 days
  • have earache, chest pain or sore throat
  • have difficulty in breathing
  • are 65 and over
  • are pregnant
  • have a long-term medical condition like diabetes, heart disease, lung disease or kidney disease

 

GO TO THE A&E IF:

  • There is no need to visit the A&E for a cold or flu, unless your GP says so.